Types Of Carpets

Deeper Insight into the Types of Carpets & the Legendary Art of Weaving Exquisite Rugs

Like your clothes, shoes, and accessories tell a lot about you, the carpet in your living room or office tell all the hidden stories about the room! They add glamour, they add beauty, they also add elegance, and they accentuate the entire ambience of your living space but apart from doing all the other things, they keep your floor warm and clean and even when it hides your foot prints, they do hold the story of your presence within them!  From the kaleidoscopic art of geometric patterns to the display of rich colors, if you choose the best ones, they surely work as a feast for your eyes.  

Since every room has its own special floor covering requirement and there are various different types of carpet to choose from, it gets extremely essential that you know all about the kinds that are available in the market before you actually invest in them. Take a quick look at their most popular types and decide what will suit your requirement the best.

One of the significant factors that matter in the making of a fascinatingly delightful covering for your floor is the kind of fiber used in the process. Different fibers have different strengths and durability. Choice is made depending on one’s lifestyle, requirements, and budget. But even before you examine the fiber type, it is far more essential to stay aware of the kinds of constructions used.

Let’s first see the different kinds of constructions used in the art of carpet making.

Cut Pile
This is one of the most popular types as it is known for its strong durability, especially because of the kind of fiber it uses. Also, its tuft density and number of twists that the yarn holds make it more reliable for longer use. As it has highly twisted yarn, you can expect it to be in its shape for really long and this makes it a great choice for places where more number of people walk in and out.

The top Cut Pile builds include:

Textured Plush
These have textured surfaces and are prove great when one looks for decorativeness. It easily hides away footprints as well as the vacuum marks and preferred for the busy places with more people coming in and going out.


These have most awesome surfaces that give perfectly refined look and feel. If your interiors follow traditional creative art, these are exactly what you should be using.

As these are made by twisting the yarns to their maximum, they have surfaces that are really curly. Best for informal setting, if you are looking for something that work great in hiding away the footprints and vacuum marks, these are just the thing for you.

Velvet Plush
Built with luxuriousness intact, these offer most lovable feel! But as they show the footprints and vacuum marks, they aren’t the choice for heavy traffic areas. If you plan to pick these, make sure to use them only for formal rooms where not many people walk in and out all though the day.

Loop Pile

Next one on the constructions is Loop Pile; it includes loops of the same height that gives it an informal tone.  This is the style for places where the traffic is indeed a lot. For the settings like office, showrooms, and other such places with high traffic, this kind of construction is the best option as it lasts longer. Being versatile, you can use them for various places whether it is used for a typical cottage furnishing or a completely contemporary-styled interior.

Multi-Level Loop Pile
It creates a special pattern effect as it includes two or more than two different loop heights in its construction. You get amazing durability and cool and easy appearance. Use it for casual settings and love the way it looks!

Cut-loop Pile
This is created by combining cut and looped yarns. One of the coolest styles, it offers several different kinds of surface textures. So, you get most amazing of the sculptured effects that include anything and everything like chevrons, swirls, and squares. As this type mostly gives multicolored effects, it is the best option to hide dirt, stains, and marks.

Fibers and yarns used in the process


PET or Polyethylene Terephthalate is the kind of polyester that is usually used in the process of rug manufacturing. It proves quite a cheap option and has some of the likable qualities such as it is stain-resistant being a hydrophobic in nature and more durable but it has its own set of drawbacks such as it gets crushed down quite easily, thus, it is not a very sophisticated choice and mostly used as cheaper option.


It is yet another popular material. Nylon 6 and 6-6 are most commonly used. Since it is easy to print and has great wear quality, it is prove strong and is also stain resistance but being a petroleum-based product, its price keeps on switching.


Another synthetic material, it is one of the most inexpensive options. But it isn’t as durable as many other options and is not very good choice. However, it works pretty well for places with really less activity and lesser number of people coming in and going out. It is often used for light domestic purpose.

Wool and blended wool

As wool has amazing durability, it can be dyed pretty easily and is pretty abundant; it is one of the finest choices and is almost always in demand. Wool carpets are much liked for their strength and quality. And the blended wool options are still better as with any synthetic fiber blended into it, the strength improves and this isn’t all yet! Blended options prove more cost effective as wool is otherwise pretty costly. But when nylon or polyester in mixed, it works really great!


Silk is another most popular natural fiber that is used in carpet industry. Produced from the cocoon of the silkworm, it is one of the finest materials known and thus, it comes for a price and everything that is created using it is indeed costly. This is why cheaper artificial option is often used to cut on the prices.

An original silk carpet may be a costly thing to buy but it still is and will always be an irreplaceable luxury that comes blended in enchanting colors and softest feel.

Mercerized Cotton

By special chemical treatments pure cellulose is changed to mercerized version, it is often used in creating mats and rugs but is not very popular option.


This is again a synthetic material. But it is much more loved than its other counterparts! As acrylic feel and appearance similar to wool and is a pretty cheap option that is washable, well established, it is best for creating an ideal floor covering.

The art of carpet making

The lofty charming matting that beautifies your home, shop, office, workplace are generally made in three main ways that are:  through machine, hand tufting, and hand knotting.

Machine made carpets:

Machine made versions are made through large power looms which are electrically automated and usually controlled through computerized devices. Machines work faster and smarter. Blending natural and synthetic fibers such as nylon, acrylic, polyester, wool and silk is perfectly easy and smooth through this method. Among these, the high quality products last for years while inexpensive options can have shorter life span usually of 20 years or less.


Hand tufted/crafted material:

These are specially created with the help of drill guns that create loop pile by inserting the piles right within the foundation of the cloth. Creative and good looking, they are pretty different from machine made versions, often liked more than the hand knotted version because it makes the task easier. Two best things that this kind of making does are – it saves the time and it makes the price low. When one goes for fully hand-make option, a normal sized final product will take some 7 to 14 months of time, while this method will only need a day!

They look finer than the machine made options and prove cheap also!

Hand knotted rugs 

Hand knotted rugs are most exquisite example of craftsmanship and creativity. Often made from natural materials such as wool, silk, cotton, jute, and so on, they have most intricate patterns and versatile designs. People often buy then as collectibles because of their beautiful make and designs. As the weaver inserts knots inside the foundation of the rug by tying them by hand to produce the ‘piles’ in the fibers, it is known as knotted. It takes years of tedious work and high level of creativity. Even a normal sized product takes more than a year. They are pretty expensive but are worth the price as when well-kept then can even be passed on to several generations.

The tradition of art and craftsmanship from across the world

The legend of quality carpet types continues from centuries and has its mentioning everywhere across the world, take a quick look at what the world has to offer and how it is known to exist.

East and the Middle Eastern countries are most popular in the market and even find a great place in the history. While the western countries like Scandinavia, France, Spain, and England have their own tradition of weaving and have been creating unparallel masterpieces that inspires sophistication with Bulgaria having a special mentioning because of its own unique culture of weaving that is even an essential part of its national heritage and traditional art and craft with its popular handmade style called Chiprovtsi carpets and Armenia with its own set of legends, yet the orients have something still more powerfully enthralling to offer.

While Afghans have recently made its place in the market, Chinese have been offering its own unique set of designs and patterns. But still nothing on earth is as popular and as breathtaking as is what Persia has to offer! Persian rugs are essentially the part of Iranian culture and heritage. In fact, they almost rule the market with their most luxurious, aesthetic, and awe inspiring designs, styles and patterns. Being the largest producer as well as the exporter of handmade floor coverings, the majority of them are made out of natural fibers like wool and silk. Kashan rugs are one of the best known examples of Persian culture of craftsmanship. One gets to see rare patterns such as arabesques, medallions, bands and networks of vines and geometric depictions of various kinds in their style.

Turks too have its own special place in the scene as it has been offering variety of artistic hand woven materials. Another type of handmade floor covering known as Turkmen carpet, more commonly known as Bukhara rugs, not to be confused with Turkish art, has its own distinctive place. This special tradition of weaving originally comes from Central Asia. Historically, they were knitted by special Turkmen tribes, an ethnic group that resided in Afghanistan and Iran. These are lesser used for regular home matting and instead are more preferred for tent matting, creation of bags, and special door hangings.

India too has a historical place in the market and had started the art of weaving way back in the eleventh century. It is believed that it came along with the conquerors such as Ghaznavids and Ghauris and became a part of the country. However, it was the Mughal Dynasty that left the legendary tradition making it today’s one of the biggest exporters of traditional hand woven products as well as the modern machine manufactured counterparts. Kashmir rugs are most popular among other Indian variety, especially because it continues offering traditional distinctive designing and are truly class apart. Known for high density knotting, they have high demands in the west and are placed among the top quality carpets, almost like their Persian counterparts.

Now, when you are aware of variety and type, make and style, legends and histories, it will be a far easier, interesting, and joyful experience for you to choose your house matting and rugs that best suit your purpose and don’t upset your budget!